Residential rehabilitation, also called residential rehab, describes a drug and/or alcohol or process addiction treatment program that is provided to patients in a residential setting. Patients reside at the residential treatment facility for the duration of their treatment program, which may be short-term (30 days or less) or long-term (more than 30 days). The length of treatment time depends on the type of addiction, duration and frequency of use, any co-occurring addictions or mental health disorders, and other factors.
In most cases, detoxification, or detox, is required before beginning formal treatment. Detox is the process of clearing out all harmful toxins from addictive substances such as alcohol or drugs from the body. After detox, residential rehabilitation consists of different forms of treatment, depending on specific needs. This may include individual counseling, group therapy, other forms of therapy (such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or CBT), educational lectures and discussions, participation in a 12-step program, and training in relapse prevention.
Most residential rehabilitation is voluntary, although it may occur as the result of a court order.