People who find themselves addicted to alcohol or drugs can either attempt recovery on their own, or enroll in an addiction treatment program. Addiction treatment programs can be found all over the world and come in a variety of options. Addiction treatment normally happens in three stages. First, the patient must cease actively ingesting the alcohol or drug. In most cases, this “detoxification” should happen under medical supervision. Once the person has detoxified, he can enter an addiction treatment program for the second phase of treatment. The aim of this phase of treatment is to help the patient understand the “triggers” that cause him to drink or use drugs, and to develop healthy coping mechanisms for these triggers.
For the second phase of treatment, the patient can choose to live at a residential addiction treatment program or live at home or in a sober living house and travel to the facility each day for treatment (outpatient treatment). There are several considerations for choosing a type of addiction treatment program — financial resources, familial or employment responsibilities and severity of underlying issues and disorders. The most prevalent type of addiction treatment program in the United States is offered on an outpatient basis. Outpatient treatment is the best option for those with limited financial resources, who have familial or work obligations, or who do not need the type of intensive treatment offered at inpatient or residential facilities.
Residential addiction treatment programs offer patients both addiction recovery modules and places to sleep. Patients in residential facilities are physically removed from triggers and stressors that might otherwise thwart lasting recovery and although patients can often choose to sleep in private rooms, the remaining hours are spent eating and exercising as a group and attending group therapy sessions. Patients may also see therapists and psychiatrists on an individual basis. Due to the costs associated with these facilities, fees for residential addiction treatment programs can be high. Further, most major insurance companies refuse to cover residential treatment until the patient has failed at outpatient treatment, if at all.