Cylert is the brand name of the generic medication pemoline. Cylert is used to help in the treatment of children who are dealing with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is often recommended that Cylert only be prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that offers both psychological and educational support to help the child to become more stable. In its generic form, Cylert is a white, tasteless, odorless powder that is relatively insoluble in water, chloroform, ether, acetone and benzene.
Cylert is subject to control under the Drug Enforcement Act as a Schedule IV drug. While the drug did not demonstrate a potential for self-administration in clinical animal trials, it is closely related to other psycho-stimulants that have a known dependence. This suggests that psychological and/or physical dependence and tolerance can occur with Cylert. There have also been isolated reports in the industry of transient psychotic symptoms occurring in adults following the long-term misuse of excessive oral doses of Cylert and its generic equivalent. As a result, it is imperative that the medication is given to emotionally unstable patients only when closely monitored as they may increase the dosage on their own initiative.