The Federal Bureau of Investigation, also known as the FBI, is a threat-based and intelligence-driven national security organization in the United States. The mission of the FBI is to protect and defend the U.S. against foreign intelligence and terrorist threats, to uphold and enforce U.S. criminal justice laws and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal and international agencies and partners. In carrying out its mission, the FBI seeks to focus on threats that challenge the very foundation of the U.S. and which may be too large or complex for any local or state authority to tackle on their own. These include terrorism, espionage, cyber attacks, public corruption and protecting civil rights. One of the FBI’s criminal priorities involves investigating organized crime. Six of the seven specific areas of organized crime have elements related to criminal drug trafficking, illegal gambling and other crimes tertiary to substance abuse and addiction such as theft, kidnapping and extortion.