Addiction A-Z

Mania

Mania is extreme excitement, characterized by an elevated mood, and mental and physical hyperactivity. The word is most frequently associated with bi-polar disorder, a mental illness which can have two stages. In the first stage, the patient feels depressed and suicidal, has low physical and mental energy and loses enthusiasm for everyday activities. Feelings of worthlessness, inability to concentrate or make decisions, weight loss or weight gain, thoughts of death and suicide, and insomnia may also be present. In the manic stage, the opposite occurs. Feeling “on top of the world,” the person’s mind races with insights and plans for the future, and he has so much energy he can go without sleep. Often people with bipolar disorder do things they later regret during mania, such as going on spending sprees or having risky sex. After the mania ends, they “crash” psychologically and sink into depression, and the cycle begins again. People can be diagnosed with bipolar disorder and never experience a manic episode. Bipolar disorder is a chronic, lifelong disease that can be controlled with medications and psychotherapy. Artificial states of mania can be induced by those abusing stimulant drugs, especially methamphetamine. Afterwards, users can also experience a “psychological crash” and become depressed, leading to a cycle of addiction to stimulants.

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