Addiction A-Z

Phobia

A phobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by an intense and unreasonable fear of a situation or object/thing that that does not create an immediate risk and exists in ordinary daily environments. An individual with a specific phobia may experience stress, panic, agitation, high blood pressure, panic attacks, lightheadedness or fainting when confronted with the feared situation or object. They might rearrange their life in order to avoid the feared stimulus. Common phobias include claustrophobia (fear of enclosed spaces); nyctophobia (fear of the dark); acrophobia (fear of heights); trypanophobia (fear of needles); aviophobia (fear of flying); and mysophobia (fear of germs or contamination). Phobias are the most common type of anxiety disorder in the U.S., affecting more than 19.2 million Americans.

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