A psychoanalyst investigates unconscious mental processes and their relations to conscious psychological processes. Unlike a psychiatrist, a psychoanalyst is not a licensed medical doctor, and therefore cannot prescribe medication in the treatment of mental health. Psychoanalysis is the study of the subconscious—such as childhood memories or painful past experiences—as the cause of mental illnesses or emotional stress in adult life. Psychoanalysts treat emotional issues that may be interfering with an individual’s personal life such as depression, anxiety, substance abuse disorders, panic attacks, internal conflicts, relationship or family problems, impulsions and compulsions, and other pattern behaviors and psychoneuroses. Trained psychoanalysts undergo an extensive clinical education program. Because of their rigorous training in human pathological functioning and therapeutic methodology, psychoanalysts can find careers in various community settings including clinical, university, business/management, consultation, education, medical, sports, history, forensics and research divisions.